Microgreens are a nutrient-dense culinary staple that dates back to the nineteenth century. It gives meals a dazzling color and a robust taste blast. Inside microgreens, production is a pleasurable pastime, a complement to a healthy diet, and even a potential business prospect. Establishing a tiny lawn of microgreens is an excellent way to get your eco-friendly and go-green initiatives off to a good start. Read How to Grow Microgreens at Home!
Are Microgreens and Sprouts Same?
I’m sure you’ve heard of sprouts. Microgreens are close relatives of sprouts. The fundamental contrast between sprouts and microgreens is the consumption of the root. You eat sprouts with their roots and everything, but not microgreens when you eat food. Microgreens are cultivated in a small tray with very little soil and collected from the base while combined with other meals. It grows more slowly than sprouts but needs less maintenance.
It is a superfood with high antioxidant content. The mature parts of the microgreens contain around 44 percent more nutrients and preserve their taste due to their short shelf life.
How to Grow Microgreens at Home: What is the Purpose of Growing
There are several reasons to cultivate microgreens in your indoor lawns or trays. The following are the fundamental causes:
- Requires minimal space and develops quickly;
- A specific outcome in a limited period, even if you fail;
- Low cost and delivers a constant supply of fresh water in the least amount of time;
- This is a good choice for a beginning grower.
- Lack of atmospheric pressure as a consequence of growth in a closed environment;
- A delightful dish as well as a nutritional complement;
What kind of Plants May be Produced as Microgreens at Home?
The different microgreens widely available to us have a longer shelf life. However, it is fair to believe that a wide range of microgreens are available that can be cultivated in your garden. To demonstrate my argument, I’ve organized some microgreens by seed size. The names and short descriptions are as follows:
Large-sized Microgreen Seeds
These varieties are fairly easy to grow, although their density may be lower than other varieties owing to their seed size. They have massive stouts and may be harvested several times.
The most common variants are:
- Sweet, nutty azuki taste
- Barley has a somewhat green, earthy taste.
- The taste of beets is sweet and earthy.
- Buckwheat has a tangy, refreshing taste.
- Chard has a pleasant earthy taste that is somewhat sweet.
- Chick pea-nut taste that is crunchy and tasty;
- Collard Greens have a kale-like taste.
- Dill-A somewhat dill-like taste;
- The endive flavor is somewhat bitter, crisp, and bright.
- Crunchy, nutrient-dense, sweet, and nutty Fava Beans
These are low-maintenance varieties. Presoaking is recommended but not needed unless otherwise specified. They generate more microgreens per tray than larger microgreens.
The most common variants are as follows:
- Arugula-Arugula has a spicy, peppery, and astringent taste.
- Basil has a subtle flavor.
- Broccoli crunchiness with a hint of bitterness;
- Brussels sprout flavor of Brussels sprouts in a more muted way;
- Pak Choi has a sweet, earthy, subtle spinach-like taste.
- Cabbage (red or green)-a mildly flavored cabbage
- Cauliflower-Slightly spicy, weak taste;
- Parsley-fresh flavor; parsley-fresh flavor;
- Sweet turnip flavor with a broccoli flavor;
Small Microgreen Seed
Because these tiny seeds are primarily herbs, they have difficulty spreading evenly throughout the sowing medium. They may, however, grow thickly in a tray or mat with a pungent taste.
The most common variants are as follows:
- Alfalfa-Alfalfa has a sweet, mild taste that is evocative of peas.
- Earthy, Amarnath-Beet taste;
- Celery-an celery-like flavor;
- Lemon balm-A citrus/lemon taste that is bright and tangy.
- Marjoram is a strong herb with an oregano taste.
- Mint-sweet taste that is unmistakably minty
- Oregano is a spicy plant with a pungent taste.
- Purslane tastes like acidic, lemony spinach.
How Can You Grow Microgreens in Your Own Home?
Microgreens’ growth necessitates the use of a few essential pieces of equipment. Growing medium, growing trays, and a grow light are all included. These are the most often utilized parameters for cultivating microgreens and may be enhanced with experience over time. Read the appropriate instructions or guidelines before beginning to develop.
There are no hard and fast rules for growing speedy microgreens. If you are a beginner or new to gardening, I recommend obtaining a microgreen tray from one of the numerous types available on Amazon. These trays have been designed precisely to keep moisture in place. Many fans utilize the plastic clamshells that produce or takeout goods come in. For long-term usage, use tricky plastic tries with drainage holes. Microgreens may be cultivated at a depth of up to an inch.
It is necessary to analyze the medium before cultivating microgreens. Some growers utilize potting soil, while others use no soil, such as coco pits. If you need soil for your microgreens, Amazon provides a wealth of choices. You may even create your potting soil. Naturally, better microgreens need experimental methodologies, as shown in this case study.
Certified Organic Seed
Always use certified organic seeds when growing microgreens. You can ensure a safe growing and a strong yield by selecting certified organic. Bulk purchases might help you save money.
There are various inexpensive and effective lighting options available at the flea market. A 30-watt good LED light may be an option for indoor microgreen crops. According to one research, microgreens flourish in low-light conditions. Please remember that experimentation with microgreens is generally best done in a south-facing window.
Spray Bottles or Watering Cans
It’s controversial whether spray bottles or watering cans should be used. Some farmers use spray bottles, while others prefer water cans. You may grow your microgreens in either one or both of them.
Labeling Materials and Notebook
It is critical to take notes and maintain records on your developing microgreens. Understanding and experimenting with germination, its pace, and duration are beneficial since this is a time-consuming task.
Determine Your Location
Microgreens should be cultivated in a sterile environment. Check sure there are enough facilities for draining surplus water.
Creating Cultivation Trays
If you have a recycling bin, make sure it is clean and dry. Fill the trays halfway with growth medium and smooth the soil with your fingers or a piece of cardboard.
Prepare and Plant Seeds
Only clean seeds should be used to grow your microgreens. Soaking is an effective strategy for achieving the desired result. Ensure your seeds have been soaked for at least 12-18 hours before planting. Then, evenly disperse or sprinkle the seeds throughout the growth area.
Take Precautions and Wait
The growing medium or trays should be thoroughly covered at this time. Please make sure that the tray keeps an adequate level of moisture. Many seeds do not need light; all they need is moisture. Some gardeners wrap the media in plastic wrap to encourage early germination.
Watering regularly is essential for attaining a good yield. It is important to note that, although watering keeps the seeds wet, too much moisture is harmful to the seed. Once the seed has germinated, it is best to water it once or twice a day.
Take Joy in Harvesting
When they reach a few inches in height and have well-developed leaves, they are ready to harvest. Sharp scissors are used to cut the stems from the soil’s surface. If necessary, gently rinse and wipe dry with a salad spinner or paper towel.
“Advice for Growing”
The most common problem is a fungal infestation in your microgreen trays. Excessive water spraying may cause such damage. Consequently, some growers prefer bottom watering, which involves creating drainage holes to let water enter from above.
Washing your microgreens at random reduces their shelf life. As a result, cut as near the bottom edge as possible and store it dry. Long-term storage requires no preservatives.
There is no need to add or spray fertilizer or chemicals to your growing trays because they are ephemeral and grow by your desires.
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Fardos is a passionate gardener and online blogger! Like, for real. She loves to show people how to grow things in their garden (indoor & outdoor) and how to expand the garden of their minds!