How to Grow Bitter Gourd: Types, Benefits & Care

Growing bitter gourd is an exciting home gardening activity that we can all do without much effort. This small vegetable, which is considerably grown in the west of Asia and Africa, is somewhat of a bitter veggie which you must be careful about and also make sure to handle with care. Bitter gourd is one of the most common seasonal vegetables found in India. It is one of the healthiest vegetables with beneficial nutrients, making it stand out from others. Some people think that a bitter gourd is not a vegetable. How can you grow an inedible plant? That’s because they haven’t tasted it before. Once you taste it, you will know how to grow bitter gourd.

Bitter Gourd

Bitter Gourd

Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon, is a vegetable grown in India and Southeast Asia. It’s an annual plant with long vines and green or yellow fruits shaped like cucumbers. The fruits are usually eaten raw or cooked, and they taste bitter. Bitter gourd is used to make juice, pickles, and curries.

Bitter gourd is a vegetable that can be eaten raw or cooked. It is also known as karela in India and is famous as a medicine.

Its bitter taste comes from an alkaloid called cucurbitacin, which can cause stomach upset if consumed in large quantities.

Bitter gourd is a vegetable popular in many Indian and Asian cuisines. You can eat it raw or cooked, and it has a bitter taste from the presence of chemicals called glucosinolates. These chemicals are thought to have anti-cancer properties but may also have negative side effects.

Bitter gourd is an edible fruit that grows in Asia. It’s also called balsam pear and pare in Hindi and karela in Marathi. The fruit is green when it’s immature, turning yellow as it ripens. When you first taste bitter gourd, it might seem bitter—but once you get used to its flavor, you can start to appreciate its delicate, earthy taste.

Different Types of Bitter Gourd

Types of Bitter Gourd

The Green-colored Bitter Gourd

Green-colored Bitter Gourd

is the most common type. This kind of bitter gourd has a bitter taste that comes from its skin. It can be eaten raw or cooked.

The Yellow-colored Bitter Gourd

Yellow-colored Bitter Gourd

which is not as common as the green one but still very popular in Asian countries such as India and China, where it is often used to make curry. It also has an earthy taste due to its skin and seeds.

The White-colored Bitter Gourd

White-colored Bitter Gourd

which is similar to the yellow one but has no seeds at all! This type of bitter gourd is popular in Southeast Asia because it doesn’t have any seeds that need to be removed before cooking it—it’s just ready to eat straight from the plant!

Red Bitter Gourd

Red Bitter Gourd

This bitter gourd has purple skin and a more intense flavor than white or green bitter gourds. It would be best if you cooked it before eating it because the skin is hard to digest uncooked.



This type is also known as bitter gourd or balsam pear. It has a long shape and is green in color.

How to Grow Bitter Gourd and Care for

Care of Grow Bitter Gourd

Soil Preparation

Prepare your garden bed by removing any weeds and rocks from the soil. Make sure you have added a lot of compost to the soil to improve its fertility and drainage characteristics.


Plant bitter gourd seeds in your garden bed once the soil temperature reaches 65 degrees F (18 degrees Celsius). You can also start them indoors under grow lights until they reach 3 inches in height before transplanting them into your garden bed when temperatures are above 50 degrees F (10 degrees Celsius).

Space plants 2 feet apart (60 cm) have plenty of room to grow once they mature in late summer or early fall when temperatures cool down again, which helps prevent disease problems like anthracnose from developing on the leaves and causing them to curl up and look unsightly. This damage is worse when moisture levels are high, such as during rainy weather conditions, so avoid planting near trees with extensive root systems that tend to retain more water than other plants, such as tomatoes that produce fruit throughout their lives.

pH Level

The ideal pH level for a bitter gourd is between 6.5 and 7.5. The optimal pH level will help ensure the plant has a strong root system, which will help it grow well and resist disease. Test the soil with a pH test kit to ensure it’s in this range, or add lime if it’s too acidic or sulfur if it’s too alkaline.


Bitter gourd is a vegetable that prefers to be watered regularly, but not too much at once. Water it daily for the first week and then decrease the frequency to every other day.

Water until the soil is thoroughly wet, and ensure that water does not pool in the tray. This can lead to root rot or mildew.


Bitter gourd thrives on the nutrients provided by fertilizer. The best time to fertilize the plant is when it is actively growing. You can use any fertilizer that contains nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, such as fish emulsion or compost tea. Apply the fertilizer at a rate of 1/2 cup per foot of plant height every two weeks until harvest.


The best way to care for your bitter gourd is to expose it to plenty of sunlight. You can plant it in the ground or in a pot, but you want to ensure it gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. If you live in an area where the temperature drops below freezing during the winter months (or if you want to protect your plant from frost), you can cover it with a tarp.

Benefits of Bitter Gourd

Bitter Gourd Benefits

It contains vitamins A, C, B6, and E, calcium, and iron, making it an excellent detoxifying agent.

Here are some of the benefits of bitter gourd:

Helps with Diabetes

Bitter gourd contains an alpha-amylase inhibitor that helps reduce blood sugar levels in people with diabetes.

Cleanses Liver and Kidneys

The bitter taste of this fruit cleanses our digestive system and flushes out toxins that get stuck in our liver and kidneys so they can be eliminated from our body more easily when we urinate or defecate after eating it regularly over a while, such as 3 months at least once daily before meals or twice daily after meals (for example, 1 hour before breakfast plus lunch plus dinner).

Treats Stomach Problems

One study found that bitter gourd juice could help treat stomach ulcers and other conditions related to the stomach and intestines.

Treats Stomach Problems

One study found that bitter gourd juice could help treat stomach ulcers and other conditions related to the stomach and intestines.

Lowers Blood Pressure

The active ingredient in the bitter gourd is latex saponin, which effectively lowers animal blood pressure. Studies have found that bitter gourd helps lower high blood pressure in humans but is not as effective as prescription medications like ACE inhibitors or beta-blockers.

Helps You Lose Weight

Bitter gourd is rich in dietary fiber, which helps you lose weight. The fiber in bitter gourd helps reduce the number of calories absorbed from your food. This helps in reducing body fat and promotes lean muscle.

Helps Prevent Cancer

Bitter gourd is rich in nutrients and antioxidants that help prevent cancer cells from growing and spreading. It contains a compound called cucurbitacin B, which has been shown to stop the growth of breast cancer cells in mice.

Prevents Heart Diseases

Bitter gourd is a rich source of vitamin C and other nutrients, which help reduce the risk of heart ailments. According to a study published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, bitter gourd can use to prevent heart disease by lowering cholesterol levels and triglycerides in the blood.

Reduces Cholesterol Levels

Bitter gourd is an excellent source of dietary fiber and potassium, which helps reduce the levels of bad cholesterol in the body. It also lowers blood pressure and reduces inflammation, reducing heart disease risk.

Improves Skin Health

The antioxidants and nutrients in bitter gourd help improve skin health by reducing inflammation, repairing damaged cells, and improving elasticity. It also helps keep your skin hydrated by increasing the water in your body’s tissues.

Lowers Blood Sugar Levels

The polyphenols present in bitter gourd have been shown to lower blood sugar levels by affecting their absorption in the body and preventing them from being stored as fat.

Some Different Ways of Cooking: Bitter Gourd

Cooking: Bitter Gourd

1. Grilled Bitter Gourd

Grilled Bitter Gourd

Grill the bitter gourd and then add salt to taste.

2. Bitter Gourd Rice

Bitter Gourd Rice

Bitter gourd is also used in rice dishes like Pulihora, Bitter Gourd Pulihora, Pachadi (Side dish made with grated coconut), Kaalanji pachadi (Pachadi made with Kaalanji), and other dishes. These dishes have a distinct taste of bitterness but are very tasty.

3. Bitter Gourd Fry

Bitter Gourd Fry

Bitter Gourd Fry is another popular way of cooking bitter gourd in India, and it is an excellent accompaniment to any meal. The popular recipes include Karnataka Style Bitter Gourd Fry, Kolhapuri Style Bitter Gourd Fry, and Kerala Style Bitter Gourd Fry.

4. Roasted Bitter Gourd

Roast the bitter gourd in an oven at 200 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes until it turns brownish-red. Cut into pieces and serve with your favorite dip or sauce.

5. Bitter Gourd Soup

Bitter Gourd Soup

Boil two cups of water in a pot, add one cup of bitter gourd pieces and cook until soft, about twenty minutes. Strain out all the water from the pot and add two cups of boiling water to it again, along with a teaspoon of salt and one tablespoon each of black pepper powder, turmeric powder, coriander powder, and cumin powder. Add one teaspoon each of mustard seeds and fenugreek seeds while cooking this soup as well. Cook until it thickens, then garnish with chopped coriander leaves before serving hot with rice!

How to Harvest Bitter Gourd

Harvest Bitter Gourd
  • Harvesting bitter gourd is easier than you might think.
  • All you need is a sharp knife, a sturdy pair of gardening gloves, and a watering can.
  • First off, make sure the ground is nice and moist. This will help reduce the amount of dirt under your fingernails as you harvest bitter gourd.
  • Next, wear your gardening gloves! You don’t want to get any skin under your nails while harvesting bitter gourd because it’s painful and can lead to infection if not properly cared for.
  • Cut the stem at its base with your sharp knife-like when harvesting any other vegetable or fruit! You can also cut off some of the leaves if they’re too long or thick—you don’t need them all!
  • After cutting each stem/leaf off, rinse them thoroughly in cold water before placing them in your watering can so they don’t rot before you get home with them!


The bitter gourd is a warm-season perennial vegetable that provides tasty treats and several medicinal uses. In your initial planting of the seeds, you can opt out of germinating the roots before planting by placing the seed directly in the soil. The planting depth of the bitter gourd varies depending on which variety you choose, but it should be no more than an inch deep.

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