50 Common Garden Weeds & Their Control

Weeds. Ugh!! They’re the bane of any gardener’s existence. You spend hours, days, or weeks nurturing your plants and tending to your garden, only for weeds to show up and ruin everything. There are a lot of weeds in your garden that you might not know the name of. I have collected them here, so you can easily identify each one. You can easily pull some out, but others will take careful attention and even chemicals to get rid of. Today, I’m going to tell you about 50 common garden weeds and what you can do to keep them from taking over your precious garden space.

Garden Weeds

Garden Weeds

Weeds are plants that grow in a place where they aren’t wanted.

There are many different types of common garden weeds. They can be found in many gardens and fields across the world. These weeds are widespread in most gardens and fields.

These weeds are usually small plants that grow quickly and spread to other areas, making it hard for you to get rid of them. Common garden weeds include dandelion, thistle, wild carrot, clover, plantain, chickweed, nettle, docks, and sorrel…

50 Common Garden Weeds

Broadleaf Plantain (Plantago major)

Broadleaf Plantain

The broadleaf plantain grows from rhizomes or underground stems. These stems can grow up to two feet long and can be as deep as six inches into the soil. This makes it challenging to get rid of this weed completely because you must pull up all the roots and rhizomes to kill it. You should also ensure that there aren’t any other broadleaf plantains growing nearby before you try to remove them from your property because otherwise, they will keep growing back again!

Burdock (Arctium spp.)


Burdock is a common weed in many lawns and gardens. It grows best in full sun and dry soil and is often found along roadsides, fields and pastures, railroad tracks, and near fence rows. It can grow from 1 to 5 feet tall. The leaves are large (6-12 inches long), coarsely toothed, and alternate on the stem. The flowers are round and about 1 inch across with 6 petals; they are usually purple but may be white or pinkish when young. Burdock produces abundant seeds that can survive for many years in the soil.

Chickweed (Stellaria media)


Chickweed is an easy-to-control plant that can be knocked back by hand. The best way to remove chickweed is to pull it out of the ground and get the roots. If your plant has grown in a bed, you may want to use a spade or shovel and loosen the soil around its base so that it won’t disturb other plants nearby when you pull it out.

Common groundsel (Senecio vulgaris)

Common groundsel

It is a perennial weed that can grow up to 3 feet tall, making it an easy-to-spot presence in your yard. The leaves are bright green, round, and covered in hair. The flowers are white and small, and the seeds look like tiny brownish-black balls. This plant produces large amounts of seed each year, making it difficult to control.

Annual Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus)

Annual Sow Thistle

The annual sow thistle is most effective when you control the weed at its early stages. It will be more difficult to eliminate if you wait until it has become established in your garden.

The best way to prevent the emergence of annual sow thistle is through mulching. That helps retain soil moisture and prevent seeds from germinating. If you already have an infestation, hand removal or hoeing is an option for small patches. However, consider using a chemical herbicide if you have a large patch or many patches of annual sow thistle.

Black Medic (Medicago lupulina)

Black Medic

Black Medic (Medicago lupulina) is an annual or biennial plant that grows in a wide range of soils. It has large, hairy leaves and yellow flowers up to 4 inches long. The plant produces pods containing seeds that can remain viable for up to 50 years!

You can control Black Medic manually by pulling it from the ground or cutting the plant at the base of its stem. Removing the entire root system will work best for the long-term control of black medics.

Curly Dock (Rumex crispus)

Curly Dock

Curly dock is a perennial that grows in lawns, weedy areas, and roadsides. The leaves are divided into three to seven pairs of lobes. They are hairy on the underside and have a jagged margin. The leaf stems are square-shaped, hollow, and reddish-purple. Curly dock produces numerous small yellow flowers that grow in clusters above the leaf axils. The fruits are light brown achenes with two winged seeds attached at one end. The curly dock can be controlled by hand pulling or shallow cultivation before it sets seed. However, if left untreated, it will spread rapidly by seed.

Dandelion (Taraxacum spp.)

Dandelion is a perennial weed that spreads by seed and root. It can grow in full sun or shade and most likely be found on your lawn, flower, and garden beds.

The dandelion is a hardy perennial weed that can be difficult to control. The best way to control dandelions is by pulling them out by hand as soon as they appear. Hand pulling may be an option if you are dealing with a small patch of dandelions. If the patch is larger than you can handle by hand, consider using an herbicide like Roundup Ready-To-Use Weed & Grass Killer for Lawns or Ortho Weed B Gon Solid Concentrate Herbicide to kill the dandelion.

Common Mallow (Malva neglecta)

Common Mallow

Common mallow is an annual weed that produces small, white flowers. It can be found throughout the United States and easily spread through windblown seeds, animals, water, and contaminated tools. Common mallow is often mistaken for other plants such as hollyhock. But it can easily be distinguished by its serrated leaf edges and white flowers.

Common mallow is considered a noxious weed and can reduce crop yields by up to 50 percent if left unchecked. Control methods include hand pulling or hoeing before seed heads form. You can also use herbicides to control common mallow in established beds of vegetables such as cabbage and carrots.

Crabgrass (Digitaria spp.)


Crabgrass is a common weed that you can find in both lawns and gardens. The plant grows rapidly and will often take over a garden bed if left unchecked. It is an annual grass, which only grows for one season and dies with frost. If you have crabgrass in your garden bed, you can control it by using a pre-emergent herbicide to prevent it from growing in the first place.

Once the plants have grown, use a post-emergent herbicide to kill them off before they set the seed. These herbicides should be applied when the soil temperature reaches 55 degrees Fahrenheit to work effectively.

Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)

Ground Ivy

Ground Ivy is a perennial weed that goes by many names, including Creeping Charlie, Gill-over-the-ground, and Gill-on-the-ground. It’s not picky about what it grows in, but it prefers moist areas with partial to full shade. Ground Ivy spreads by seeds and root fragments, so if you see it in your yard, take care of it before it has a chance to set seed.

You can pull or dig up the plants as soon as they appear in spring or fall. Keep an eye out for new growth throughout the season and eliminate it before it gets established. If you have a large area of Ground Ivy to treat, consider using a nonselective herbicide such as Roundup or Grass & Weed Killer Plus Crabgrass Control to get rid of the plants and prevent them from coming back next year.

Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

Field Bindweed

Field bindweed is an invasive plant that can grow up to 3 feet tall and has small white flowers bloom in the spring. It grows in full sun to partial shade, threatening crops, pastures, and lawns. This plant can be found throughout the United States and Canada but is most prevalent in the Midwest and Northeast.

Field bindweed spreads by seed and rooting stems that develop from root nodes on existing plants. The best way to get rid of field bindweed is by mowing or cutting it down before it sets seed. If you choose to use herbicides, make sure they’re labeled on field bindweed before applying them anywhere else in your yard or garden!

Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica)

Japanese Knotweed

Japanese knotweed is a perennial plant that spreads quickly, taking over land areas. It can be challenging to control and may require several treatments to eradicate the plant.

The best approach is to cut off new growth before the roots have had a chance to spread. You can do it with a weed cutter or mower, but it’s important not to damage the root system because it will just regrow from there. Once leaves appear on the plant, you should spray it with an herbicide like Roundup™ or Ortho® Weed B Gon® II Max Control Brush Killer plus Crabgrass Preventer. You can also use a chemical spray called Tordon Kontrol® M1, available at most hardware stores.

The best time for treatment is in early spring or late fall when temperatures are cool (below 70 degrees Fahrenheit).

Lamb’s Quarters (Chenopodium album)

Lamb’s Quarters

Lamb’s quarters is a hardy annual weed that can germinate from as early as February. It can also survive through the winter and will emerge from the soil in the spring. Once it has sprouted, it can grow up to two feet tall, with its leaves reaching up to six inches long. The leaves are oval-shaped and have a jagged edge with a pale green or bluish-green coloration.

Lamb’s quarters will grow abundantly in just about any type of soil, but it does best in well-drained sandy loams because they help prevent the weed from rotting due to excess moisture. The weed thrives in full sun exposure and partial shade conditions though it prefers full sunlight over partial shade conditions if given a choice between both options. To control lamb’s quarters effectively, you will need to cut off any visible weeds before they go through their flowering stage, which usually occurs around mid-summer each year when they start producing flowers and seeds for future generations!

Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus)


Nutsedge is a perennial grass-like weed that grows in lawns, flowerbeds, and vegetable gardens. It is also known as earthnut, monkey grass, and yellow nutsedge. Nutsedge can cause lawns to become patchy, unsightly, and difficult to maintain.

Nutsedge contains several toxic compounds that can be harmful if they come into contact with humans or animals. These toxins are called saponins and contain phytotoxins that cause an allergic reaction in many people when they come into contact with the leaves of nutsedge plants. The saponins can cause skin irritation and itching if they come into contact with human skin while handling nutsedge plants. Therefore, it is best not to handle them without wearing gloves or protective clothing such as long sleeves and pants when working with this weed species.

Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)


You can control Purslane in a variety of ways. The first step is to keep the area around your home free of weeds since the plant prefers dry soil. If you already have a problem with purslane, there are several methods you can use to eliminate it.

You can manually pull out a Purslane of your garden or yard, but if you have a large area that needs to be cleaned up, this method may not be practical. You can also use herbicides (weed killers) on purslane, although this will require more work than pulling them out by hand. Herbicides will kill all types of weeds in an area where they’re sprayed, so if other plants are growing nearby that you do not want to kill, make sure you read the label carefully before applying it.

Puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris)

Puncturevine (Tribulus terrestris)

Puncturevine is a common weed that has been known to cause problems in gardens and fields. The plant has small, spiny leaves and yellow flowers with three petals. The name “puncturevine” comes from the plant’s leaves being covered with sharp points that will prick your skin as you try to pull it out of the ground.

Puncturevine is a perennial weed that grows in sunny areas, between cracks in concrete or dry river banks. The plant grows quickly and produces seeds very easily, so even small infestations can quickly become large if they are not controlled early on.

Prostrate Spurge (Euphorbia maculata)

Prostrate Spurge (euphorbia maculata)

Prostrate spurge is a perennial weed that grows low to the ground, often forming mats in lawns and gardens. It has small, yellow flowers and white latex sap. The leaves are narrow and have a grayish-green color. The stems are usually red or purple. The plant typically grows to be between 12 inches to 3 feet tall.

The best way to control prostrate spurge is by pulling it out by hand or using a weed trimmer with a blade attachment. If you have larger areas of prostrate spurge, treat them with an herbicide containing glyphosate (Roundup Pro Concentrate) or triclopyr (Garlon 3A).

Quackgrass (Elymus repens)

Quackgrass is a perennial grass that can grow on lawns, gardens, and roadsides. It thrives in moist soil and spreads by underground rhizomes. Because of its extensive root system, removing quackgrass is difficult without herbicides.

You can control Quackgrass by mowing, cultivation, and postemergence herbicides. Mowing helps prevent seed production and reduces the vigor of the plant. Cultivation can break up the plant’s extensive root system but should be followed by postemergence herbicides to ensure complete control.

Rough Cinquefoil (Potentilla norvegica)

Rough Cinquefoil

Rough Cinquefoil is a perennial ground cover that can be invasive, especially in high-traffic areas. It spreads by sending out shoots and roots, which can pop up all over your yard and grow in the cracks of your driveway. If left unchecked, it can overtake everything else around it.

The best way to control Rough Cinquefoil is to pull out the entire plant when it’s small. Pulling will cause some damage to the surrounding area, but this is much less invasive than frequent mowing, which can lead to soil erosion and damage to nearby plants and grasses. Once the plant is pulled out, dispose of it by putting it in your compost pile or taking it to a local dumpster if composting isn’t an option.

Ragweed (Ambrosia spp.)


While ragweed is a beautiful plant with yellow flowers, it can also be very frustrating when it starts to affect your allergies. While there is no cure for allergies, there are ways to manage them and make them less severe.

Sandbur (Cenchrus spp.)


Sandbur is a weed found in lawns, pastures, and roadsides. It has sharp spines on its leaves and stems that may puncture the skin of humans and animals when handled. These spines can cause irritation, inflammation, and infection if they come into contact with the skin.

The best way to combat sandbur is to prevent it from growing in your lawn or pasture by choosing a variety of grasses that are not susceptible to this pest. If you have already allowed sandbur to take over your lawn, it may be necessary to use herbicides or pesticides to eradicate it from your property.

If you choose to use herbicides or pesticides, make sure that you read all instructions carefully before applying them to your lawn or pasture.

Shepherd’s Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Shepherd’s Purse

Shepherd’s purse is a common weed found in gardens, lawns, and roadsides worldwide. It can grow up to three feet tall and has small round leaves covered with fine hairs. It produces white flowers that resemble Queen Anne’s Lace, which blooms from May to June.

The best way to control this weed is by hand pulling or digging in early spring before seeds set. The more mature your plants are when you dig them up, the more viable the seed will be for reproduction. If you use herbicides on shepherd’s purse, try not to spray during bloom or when temperatures exceed 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

White Clover (Trifolium repens)

White clover, also known as Dutch clover, is an invasive plant that grows in many areas of the United States. It has small white flowers that bloom from April through June. You can control this plant by cutting it down before it blooms, mowing it off regularly throughout the year, hand-pulling if necessary, and tilling it into the soil after a couple of weeks.

The best time for control is late winter and early spring when there are no leaves on the plant so you can see where you are working. Use a sharp knife to cut young plants off below ground level with two or three inches of root attached so they will not grow back. If you miss some plants while cutting them down, use a mower or your lawnmower to cut them down as well. You will want to mow your lawn frequently during the summer months so that white clover does not have enough time to become established in your lawn.

Sheep Sorrel (Rumex acetosella)

Sheep Sorrel

Sheep sorrel is a perennial weed that thrives in moist, acidic soils and grows up to 2 feet tall. The leaves are deeply divided into three lobes, each with a sharp point on the tip. Flowers are bright red, small and round, growing in clusters at the top of the plant. Seeds are contained in small pods which develop after flowering.

Sheep sorrel has a long history of use as an herbal remedy for various ailments, including diarrhea, indigestion, liver problems, and joint pain. It also has been used to treat colds and fevers. The young leaves can be eaten raw or cooked like spinach; however, the older leaves are bitter and best avoided.

Yellow Woodsorrel (Oxalis stricta)

Yellow Woodsorrel

Yellow woodsorrel is a perennial weed found in disturbed areas, including lawns and gardens. It spreads by seed and rhizomes, horizontal stems that grow just below the soil surface. Yellow woodsorrel can be controlled with herbicides, but it’s best to prevent the plant from spreading in the first place.

Yellow woodsorrel prefers full sun and moist soil, so keeping your lawn healthy will help keep this weed at bay. If you already have yellow woodsorrel in your yard, try applying an herbicide containing 2,4-D or glyphosate to the area where you have seen it growing.

Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica)

Stinging Nettle

The Stinging Nettle is a perennial weed found throughout the United States. It grows well in disturbed areas and often invades crop fields. It grows in dense patches, so it’s best to use a sprayer with a hand wand to apply herbicide.

The best way to control Stinging Nettle is using an herbicide containing glyphosate. This will kill not only the plants themselves but also the roots, preventing the plants from growing back for up to two years.

Plantain Plants (Plantago major)

Plantain Plants

Plantain is a tough-to-kill weed that grows in almost any soil and can be found in gardens, lawns, and paths. The best way to control plantain is to pull it out as soon as it appears. If you allow it to grow beyond 8 inches tall, the roots will become woody and difficult to remove.

When pulling plantain, ensure you get the entire root: if you don’t, it will grow back from the remaining pieces. When possible, try not to disturb surrounding plants; if you need to pull up part of a plantain patch to get at all of the plants’ roots, be careful not to damage nearby plants.

If you cannot remove all of the plantains’ roots by hand, use a shovel or pick an axe (if necessary) to break them up more easily so they can be removed by hand later on.

Common Ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia) is a tall, annual weed that can grow up to three feet. It produces yellow flowers with long purple stamens. The flowers are clustered at the top of the plant and persist throughout the growing season.

Common ragweed is most commonly found in disturbed areas, such as roadsides and agricultural fields, but you can also find it near areas where other weeds grow. It is often found near alfalfa fields and along fence rows or hedgerows.

Common ragweed has extensive root systems that can go as deep as five feet into the soil, making it difficult to control.

Giant Ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

Giant Ragweed

Giant ragweed, also known as giant ambrosia, is a member of the daisy family. It is a tall, upright plant that grows up to 7 feet tall and has large leaves and clusters of small white flowers that can grow up to 3 inches in diameter. It grows in full or partial sunlight and prefers dry soil.

You can control it by cutting the plant down when it’s young and pulling it out of the ground when it’s older. If you are removing it from your yard, make sure not to leave any roots behind because they will grow back into new plants.

If you have giant ragweed growing in your yard but don’t want to deal with pulling it out or cutting it down yourself, you may want to hire someone else to do this for you so that they can more effectively remove all of the roots without causing damage to other plants nearby.

Clover Leaf (Trifolium )

Clover Leaf is a common weed found in lawns and gardens. You can also find it in uncultivated areas such as roadsides, ditches, and waste places. Clover Leaf (Trifolium ) is a problem in turfgrass because it produces dense stands that shade desirable plants. The Clover Leaf has small, white flowers usually produced in the spring.

Clover Leaf was introduced into the United States from Europe and Asia. The plant can live for up to 12 years and grows well in the shade or open areas with plenty of sunlight. It grows best when the soil is moist but not too wet, and cool temperatures are ideal for its growth rate.

The best way to control Clover Leaf (Trifolium ) is by removing it from your lawn before it gets established in your yard or garden area. If you do not want to remove it yourself, contact a professional landscaper or ask your local nursery if they offer services for removing this type of plant from your yard or garden area.

Orange Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)

Orange Jewelweed

The Orange Jewelweed is a member of the Balsam family. It grows in moist areas and can be found in fields, forests, and roadsides. The plant can grow up to 8 inches tall and has heart-shaped leaves that are usually dark green with white marbling on the top surface. The stems are square and reddish-brown.

Orange Jewelweed produces small flowers that have five petals each. The centers of the flowers are yellowish-orange with darker orange spots on the outside edges. The petals themselves are greenish-yellow, but they turn red when they age.

The plant’s roots contain compounds that can be used to make an herbal remedy for skin irritations, such as insect bites and rashes caused by poison ivy or poison oak.

Hedge Bindweed (Convolvus arvensis)

Hedge Bindweed

Hedge Bindweed, also known as Convolvulus arvensis, is a perennial plant that can grow up to two feet tall. It has large, heart-shaped leaves and stems with purple or pink flowers. The roots of this plant are thick and fleshy and can send out new shoots or rhizomes from the main root system.

Bindweed grows best in moist soil but can tolerate dry conditions once established. It prefers full sunlight but will grow in partial shade as well. The leaves of this plant have a bitter taste that may be poisonous if consumed in large amounts. The stems are hollow, making them useful for basket weaving. Bindweed is considered invasive because it spreads easily and crowds out native plants by taking over their habitats.

Wild Madder (Galium mollugo)

Galium mollugo

Wild madder (Galium mollugo) is a common weed that you can control easily with a combination of herbicides and mechanical removal.

To control wild madder, apply a pre-emergence herbicide in the early spring or late fall. If you use an annual pre-emergence herbicide, make sure it does not contain dithiopyr. A non-selective post-emergence herbicide can also be used to control wild madder if necessary.

Hand weeding may be necessary for small infestations, but you should only do this during times when the soil has dried out enough so that it will not stick to your shoes or equipment as you walk through it.

Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)


Bittersweet is a climbing vine that can reach up to 6 feet in length. It produces small yellow-green flowers that turn into blue-black berries. These berries are poisonous if ingested. If you have bittersweet growing on your property, use the following methods to control it:

The best way to control bittersweet is by cutting it down before it produces berries. You can do this with pruning shears or a sharp knife, but wear protective clothing and eye gear to avoid being cut by the vines or having sap from the plant gets in your eyes. Once this has been done, dispose of any cuttings properly, so they do not create new plants.

If you do not want to cut down this plant, you can hire an exterminator or landscaper who specializes in removing invasive species from your property.

Horsetail Weed (Equisetum arvense)

Horsetail Weed

Horsetail weed is a perennial grass-like weed easily identified by its distinctive stalk or “stalklet” resembling a horse’s tail. It can grow up to 6 feet tall and has whorls of leaves that are usually arranged in three groups.

Horsetail weed spreads by rhizomes and seeds, germinating quickly after planting and providing a continual source of new plants. Horsetail weed thrives in moist soils and can grow along stream banks and in ditches where it competes with crops for nutrients and moisture.

The best way to control horsetail weed is by preventing it from spreading in the first place. You can do this by removing the whole plant at the end of each growing season or by making sure your field is free of any unwanted weeds before planting your crops, so they don’t get mixed in with your seeds or seedlings. Some chemical options are available if you find yourself dealing with an established patch of horsetail weeds. Still, they should be used only as a last resort since they could harm nearby non-target plants and pollinators like bees if sprayed directly onto them.

Ground Elder

Ground Elder

Ground elder is a perennial weed found in grassy areas along cultivated fields’ edges. It’s also known as ground-elder, hedge parsley, wild celery, and wild parsnip.

Ground elder is a carrot family member and looks similar to Queen Anne’s lace (wild carrot) but has smaller leaves with more pointed tips and no central rib. The leaves are 2–5 inches long and 1 inch wide with a smooth margin. The stems are hollow, green, or reddish-purple with hairs at the nodes (where the leaves attach). Flowers are small umbels that are white to purple.

Ground elder grows best in full sun but can tolerate partial shade. It will grow in almost any soil type but prefers soil that stays moist throughout the growing season. Ground elder is found throughout North America; however, it prefers cooler climates such as those found on Vancouver Island, where it grows abundantly during summer.



Bindweed can be a difficult weed to control. If you are having trouble with bindweed, you should consider using a combination of several different methods.

If you are a homeowner and want to get rid of bindweed, you must ensure that your soil is well-draining. This will help prevent the roots from taking hold in your lawn or garden. Also, avoid planting in areas where bindweed has been growing for some time. Bindweed grows very quickly, so if you have areas that have been infested with it for years, it could be challenging to remove completely.

If you are interested in learning more about how to control bindweed or other weeds in your lawn or garden, contact us today!



Oxalis is a common weed that can be hard to control. The best way to get rid of Oxalis is to pull them out of the ground instead of using chemicals or herbicides.

Oxalis is also called wood sorrels, shamrocks, and sourgrass. They have heart-shaped leaves and yellow flowers that grow in spring and summer. You can find Oxalis in gardens, lawns, and along roadsides.

Oxalis grows best in full sunlight but will tolerate partial shade. If you want to get rid of Oxalis, you should cut off the tops of the stems when they’re about 6 inches tall and then pull up the plant by its roots. You can also dig out any plants that have established themselves in your lawn or garden beds by digging them up with a shovel or trowel once they’re at least 4 inches tall and before they flower.

Herb Bennet

Herb Bennet

Control Herb Bennet by pulling it out as soon as you see it. If you wait too long, it will form seeds and spread further into your yard.

Watch for new growth in the same place where Herb Bennet was pulled out or cut down earlier in the season. Herb Bennet grows faster when there is more sun exposure than shade, so check on areas with more sunlight every few days during hot summer months when Herb Bennet is most active.

Keep your lawn healthy by watering regularly and fertilizing once per month with a slow-release fertilizer like Milorganite. This will help keep weeds like Herb Bennet from growing back as quickly!

Green Alkanet

Green Alkanet

Green Alkanet is a tough weed to control. It can grow in various temperatures, survive drought, and resist many herbicides. There are some ways that you can fight it, though!

First, ensure you’re using the right herbicide for your situation. If you have a large area of Green Alkanet that needs to be eradicated, try using Roundup Ultra Max or Roundup PowerMax. These are both non-selective herbicides that will kill anything they come into contact with, including plants like grass and flowers. Be careful when using these, though, as they can also kill small animals like birds and mice if they drink from the area where it was sprayed!

If you only have a small area of Green Alkanet that needs to be controlled (like around your house), then an alternative option is to use Ortho GroundClear Herbicide. This product is selective and won’t harm other plants or animals but will still kill Green Alkanet plants completely! It’s very easy to apply, too – just mix it with water and pour it directly onto the ground around affected areas – no need for spraying or spreading it around with hoses like other products required!

Couch Grass (Elytrigia repens)

Couch Grass

Couch grass is a perennial weed that can grow in most soil types but prefers areas with low fertility. You will find it in lawns, roadside verges, meadows, and gardens. The plant has a rhizome structure with long runners that spread out from the main plants, forming large patches. It also produces wind-dispersed seed heads at the end of its stems.

It spreads quickly and easily through seed dispersal and creeping rhizomes that work underground to produce new plants. The seeds are small and light, so they can easily blow into your garden from nearby sites or be carried on the paws of animals like rabbits or deer. The seeds germinate easily when they land in damp soil conditions such as those found in lawns and paths during rainstorms.

Couch grass proliferates and forms dense mats of leaves that crowd out other plants, so it must be controlled regularly if you want to keep it under control in your garden or lawn.

Lesser Celandine

Lesser Celandine

Lesser Celandine (Ranunculus ficaria) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows in patches and spreads by seed. It has a rosette of basal leaves with long petioles and 2-5 leaves per stem. The flowers are yellow with 4 petals, the first two upper ones being much larger than the lower two. Plants flower in early spring and produce many seeds germinating in autumn or early spring.

The best way to control Lesser Celandine is to pull it out by hand when it’s small or dig up the whole clump if you can find where it’s growing below ground. Suppose you don’t have time to pull up all the plants. In that case, you can also use an herbicide such as glyphosate (Roundup) to kill them off – but be sure to read the label carefully before using herbicides so that you don’t accidentally kill any other plants or animals!

Enchanter’s Nightshade

Enchanter’s Nightshade

Enchanter’s nightshade is a poisonous plant that grows in the wild. It has an orange-yellow flower, and its leaves have a yellow or white line down the center. It grows in damp soil, usually near ponds or streams. You should not eat this plant because it can make you sick if eaten. If you see it growing in your garden or near your home, you should remove it quickly because it can spread to other areas and cause problems for other plants and animals.

You can control these plants by hand, pulling them out of the ground or digging up the entire root system using a shovel or hoe. This will kill all of the plants at once, so there is no chance of future growth from seeds that were left behind after pulling out each plant by hand.



Bittercress is a fast-growing weed that can produce thousands of seeds and spread quickly. It also has a very long taproot that makes it difficult to remove by hand.

Bittercress thrives in moist soils and grows well in the shade. The best way to control bittercress is with mulching, cultivation, and hand pulling. Using mulch will help keep the area around your plants moist and prevent bittercress from overgrowing them. Cultivation or hand pulling will also work if you do not want to use mulch. Cultivation involves tilling the soil around your plants; this will destroy any weeds or grasses growing in their area and loosen up the soil so it drains properly. Hand pulling can also be effective, but removing every part of the plant is important, or it’ll grow back quickly!

Cleavers (Galium aparine)


Cleavers (Galium aparine) is a common weed that can grow in your garden, but it’s not the most attractive plant. It can also cause problems if you’re trying to grow vegetables or plants in your garden.

Cleavers may look like clover, but it’s a members of the bedstraw family. It has long stems with small leaves and tiny white flowers that grow in clusters near the top of the stem. Cleavers grows quickly and spreads easily, so you’ll need to take steps to control them before it takes over your garden.

Cleavers like moist soil and shade, so keep your soil evenly moist but not soaking wet during the growing season. Water deeply once or twice a week instead of sprinkling lightly every day. Prune out any dead stems on cleavers’ plants as soon as you notice them wilting back from pruning cuts made during previous seasons’ growth cycles. This will help prevent new growth from sprouting from those areas. Next year’s growing season begins again later this fall/early winter period after we have moved into one of these colder months that come along each year when temperatures start dropping off again after being warm all summer.

Herb Robert

Herb Robert

Herb Robert is a perennial plant that grows in the spring, summer, and fall. You will find it in meadows, fields, and pastures throughout the United States. Herb Robert is also called “Herb Robert-plantain,” “Sunrose,” and by some other names.

Herb Robert is an annual herbaceous plant with a rosette of hairy leaves on long petioles. The leaves are bright green and heart-shaped, with parallel veins. The flowers are white and borne in clusters at the tip of the stems. The flowers are in bloom from June to September.

The chemical compounds found in Herb Robert include rosmarinic acid, caffeic acid derivatives including chlorogenic acid, flavonoids such as quercetin glycosides, and kaempferol glycosides coumarins, tannins, and saponins.

Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron radicans)

Poison ivy is a perennial shrub that grows in woodlands and along streams. Its three shiny leaves and red, yellow, or orange berries can be identified. The plant releases a toxic oil called urushiol and causes an itchy rash when it comes into contact with the skin. The oil can remain on clothing for up to six months after coming into contact with the plant. Urushiol can also contaminate surfaces such as tools, vehicles, or pets that have come into contact with the plant.

Urushiol can cause allergic reactions in some people, but most people are not allergic to poison ivy. If you’ve never been exposed to urushiol before, you’ll likely develop sensitivity after exposure to the oil. People who live in areas where poison ivy grows commonly will often develop immunity after repeated exposure to the plant’s oils over time.

The best way to prevent an allergic reaction from urushiol is to avoid contact with the leaves of plants that look like poison ivy by wearing long sleeves and pants when hiking outdoors during warmer months when these plants are more likely to be active in your area.”

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